Inorder Traversal of Binary Search Tree

Inorder traversal is one of the depth first tree traversal methods.

Inorder traversal of binary search tree will produce the output in acending order.

Inorder : Left - Root - Right

Algorithm

Traverse the left subtree.

Visit or print the root.

Traverse the right subtree.




Inorder traversal function

void inorder(struct node *root)
{
    if(root == NULL)
        return;

    //traverse the left subtree
    inorder(root->left);

    //visit the root 
    printf("%d ",root->key);

    //traverse the right subtree
    inorder(root->right);
}




Inorder Traversal Source Code

Example

/*
 * Program  : Inorder traversal of binary search tree
 * Language : C
 */

#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>

struct node
{
    int key;
    struct node *left;
    struct node *right;
};

//return a new node with the given value
struct node *getNode(int val)
{
    struct node *newNode;

    newNode = malloc(sizeof(struct node));

    newNode->key   = val;
    newNode->left  = NULL;
    newNode->right = NULL;

    return newNode;
}

//inserts nodes in the binary search tree
struct node *insertNode(struct node *root, int val)
{
     if(root == NULL)
         return getNode(val);

     if(root->key < val)
         root->right = insertNode(root->right,val);

     if(root->key > val)
         root->left = insertNode(root->left,val);

     return root;
}

//inorder traversal of the binary search tree
void inorder(struct node *root)
{
    if(root == NULL)
        return;

    //traverse the left subtree
    inorder(root->left);

    //visit the root
    printf("%d ",root->key);

    //traverse the right subtree
    inorder(root->right);
}

int main()
{
   struct node *root = NULL;

   root = insertNode(root,100);
   root = insertNode(root, 50);
   root = insertNode(root, 200);
   root = insertNode(root, 10);
   root = insertNode(root, 60);
   root = insertNode(root, 150);
   root = insertNode(root, 300);


   inorder(root);

   return 0;
}


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